Thermodynamics of Emergence: Langton's Ant Meets Boltzmann

Heiko Hamann, Thomas Schmickl, Karl Crailsheim
IEEE ALIFE - 2011 IEEE Symposium on Artificial Life (2011), 62-69


  The current definitions of emergence have no effects in the context
  of artificial life that could convincingly be called
  `constructive'. They are rather descriptive labels or tests. In
  order to get towards recipes of generating emergence we need to know
  systemic characteristics that help during the design phase of
  artificial life systems and worlds. In this paper, we develop and
  discuss five hypotheses that are not meant to be irrevocable but
  rather thought-provoking. We introduce two modeling approaches for
  Langton's ant to clarify these hypotheses. Then we discuss general
  properties of systems, such as (ir-)reversibility, dependence on
  initial states, computation, discreetness, and undecidable
  properties of system states.

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